A Pterygium is an abnormal growth from the corner of the eye towards the center of the cornea. A Pterygium can be small or it can become large. Many patients in the United States suffer from Pterygium, and it is commonly seen in Southern California due to our large number of sunny days.
What Causes a Pterygium?
- Exposure to excessive amounts of sunlight or UV light
- Exposure to excessive amount of wind
- Some hereditary factors
Symptoms of Pterygium
- Persistent sandy sensation
- Blurred vision due to induced astigmatism
Treatment for Pterygium
The treatment for Pterygium usually involves trying medication first, however if symptoms persist or the medication fails, the Pterygium can be removed with surgery.
Surgery for Pterygium
Surgical removal of a Pterygium is a short procedure done in less than 40 minutes. The Pterygium is first removed by the surgeon. Next, the exposed area need to be covered with one of the following methods:
- Autograft: In this procedure, the exposed area is covered using your own tissue to prevent recurrence.
- Amniotic membrane graft: In this procedure, the exposed area is covered with a specialized tissue made from amniotic membrane.
Your doctor can determine if Pterygium surgery is an option for you and which procedure would be best for your eye.