La Mesa Diabetic Macular Edema Treatment

High levels of sugar in the blood consistent with diabetes can damage the delicate blood vessels of the retina, or the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The blood vessels can leak fluid or blood onto and under the macula, or the portion of the retina that controls central, detailed vision. The buildup of fluid can cause the macula to swell or thicken. This is known as diabetic macular edema. If not addressed, diabetic macular edema can lead to reduced or distorted central vision (peripheral vision may remain intact). Diabetic macular edema is the primary cause of vision lost in cases of diabetic retinopathy.

The retinal specialists at California Retina Associates are very well versed in all complications of diabetic eye disease and offer diabetic macular edema treatment in La Mesa and the surrounding areas. The type of treatment we recommend depends on factors such as the level of vision loss and whether other treatments have failed.

Laser Therapy

One of the treatments we often consider for diabetic macular edema is laser therapy. We use targeted beams of laser energy to seal off leaking blood vessels or eliminate abnormal blood vessels that may form. Lasers can also help us to destroy damaged tissue and clear away scar tissue that may be causing blind spots.

Drug Injections

Another common, non-laser treatment for diabetic macular edema is injecting special medication into the eye to reduce swelling and stop the growth of abnormal blood vessels on the retina. A group of drugs classified as “anti-VEGF” drugs block a chemical called VEGF that triggers the formation of these abnormal blood vessels. Injections of anti-VEGF drugs help reduce the growth of these blood vessels and also decrease the amount of other inflammatory proteins. The medicine is injected directly into the eye during an outpatient procedure.


Sometimes a procedure called vitrectomy is involved in the treatment of diabetic macular edema in La Mesa. In certain cases, so much blood has leaked into the vitreous (or the clear jelly-like substance in the center of the eye) that it is difficult to see the retina and perform laser therapy. Thus, it becomes necessary to remove the vitreous, blood and scar tissue during the vitrectomy procedure to prepare for laser therapy.

Diabetic Macular Edema Treatment Santee, El Cajon and Spring Valley

California Retina Associates believes everyone in San Diego deserves quality eye care, including residents of La Mesa and the nearby areas. Our La Mesa office, conveniently located by Grossmont Center and Grossmont Hospital, serves the following neighborhoods:

  • Lake Murray
  • Rolando Park
  • Allied Gardens
  • Lemon Grove
  • Fletcher Hills
  • El Cajon
  • Mount Helix
  • Grossmont
  • Del Cerro
  • College Area
  • Spring Valley
  • Rancho San Diego
  • Casa De Oro
  • Santee
  • San Carlos
  • Granite Hills
  • Lakeside
  • Mission Trails

If you have been diagnosed with complications of diabetic retinopathy, including macular edema, our doctors can help. Schedule a consultation with us at our La Mesa office to discuss your case and explore the available treatment options. Call or email us today to book your appointment.