Glaucoma refers to a series of eye conditions that cause damage to the optic nerve. Damage to this nerve is often caused by a spike in intraocular pressure, or the pressure inside the eye. The symptoms of glaucoma you experience will be dependent on the type of glaucoma you have and how quickly it is detected. The eye doctors at California Retina Associates can perform special tests during your regularly scheduled eye exams to detect early signs of glaucoma and help prevent or delay vision disruptions.

Glaucoma Symptoms

Open-angle glaucoma, the more common type of glaucoma, develops very slowly – over the course of years. Most of the time, open-angle glaucoma is usually asymptomatic until it is too late. This type of glaucoma is best detected during routine eye examinations using advanced testing and equipment. We will be happy to discuss diagnostic methods with you, particularly if you have one or more glaucoma risk factors such as a family history of the disease.

When left undetected, symptoms of open-angle glaucoma may include a gradual loss of peripheral vision, or side vision. This is sometimes referred to as having “tunnel vision.” But many people do not notice any changes in vision until the disease has advanced considerably.

An attack of the rarer type of glaucoma, known as angle-closure glaucoma, can cause painful and even debilitating symptoms, including the following:

  • Sudden eye pain or pain in the forehead
  • Headache
  • Red or swollen eyes
  • Cloudy or blurry vision
  • Rainbows or halos around lights
  • Nausea and vomiting

Angle-closure glaucoma is considered a medical emergency. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should go to the emergency room or call our San Diego glaucoma team so we can evaluate you as soon as possible. You can reach our offices by calling (619) 425-7755 or (760) 352-7755.

Congenital glaucoma or childhood glaucoma occurs in young children and babies. Symptoms of congenital glaucoma include the following:

  • Cloudiness in the eye
  • Red eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Excessive tearing
  • Enlargement of one or both eyes

Congenital glaucoma may not be noticeable until your child is two to four months old.

What Happens If You Experience Symptoms of Glaucoma

If you experience symptoms of glaucoma and an examination with our team confirms the diagnosis, we can start discussing your treatment and management options. The treatment best for you will depend on the type of glaucoma you have and the extent of damage that has already occurred.

Glaucoma treatment may include eye drops to reduce the amount of fluid the eye produces or help the outflow of fluid from the eye. If eye drops cannot adequately control glaucoma, laser surgery or traditional surgery may be recommended.

Meet Our San Diego Glaucoma Specialists

The eye doctors at California Retina Associates have the experience necessary to quickly diagnose and treat all types of glaucoma. Our internationally recognized team of ophthalmologists uses the most advanced therapies and treatments available to help ensure your optimal vision well into the future.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of glaucoma, please contact California Retina Associates to schedule an appointment today.