Macular degeneration is an age-related condition in which the macula, or the area of the retina responsible for sharp central vision, deteriorates over time. There are two types of macular degeneration. The “dry” version of the disease is more common and occurs when small deposits called drusen form underneath the macula. The “wet” version of the disease occurs when new, abnormal blood vessels develop under the macula and leak blood and fluid.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of vision loss in people over the age of 50. At first, this condition may be asymptomatic – noticeable only through minor changes detected during your routine eye examinations. The progression of macular degeneration can be slowed with medication and lifestyle changes, but the disorder cannot be treated. This makes early detection through routine eye exams one of the best ways to protect your vision well into the future if you are diagnosed with the condition.
If you have notice visual changes that are consistent with the symptoms of AMD, you should be screened for the disease as soon as possible. To request an appointment with our renowned ophthalmologists, please contact California Retina Associates online or by calling our San Diego-area offices at (619) 425-7755 or (760) 352-7755.
What Are the Symptoms of AMD?
Symptoms of AMD can range from mild to severe and may include the following:
- Distortion of straight lines
- Central vision distortion
- Blurred or darkened central vision
- Visual white out
- Diminished color sensitivity and perception
Any changes in central vision may indicate AMD and should be brought to the immediate attention of one of our retina specialists. While age-related macular degeneration cannot be treated, some options can be utilized to slow its progression and preserve your vision.
Our eye doctors offer the most advanced age-related macular degeneration treatments available and work individually with each patient to ensure the most effective solutions are provided. Treatment may include:
- Nutritional changes
- Vitamin supplementation
- Smoking cessation
- Weight loss
- Laser therapy
- Intravitreal injections of sight-saving anti-VEGF medications like Avastin
Vitamin supplementation in particular has shown a lot of promise for individuals with age-related macular degeneration. Although supplements can’t cure AMD, certain formulations have been shown to slow the progression of the disease and stave off vision loss.
Anti-VEGF medications like Avastin are also helpful in cases of wet AMD to inhibit the growth of new, abnormal blood vessels. These drugs are injected directly into the eye; multiple treatments may be required to see results.
In many cases these treatments are used in combination for optimal results. What will be required in your particular case is best determined during your AMD treatment consultation at one of our San Diego area eye care centers.
Discuss AMD Symptoms with Our San Diego Team
To schedule an AMD treatment evaluation with one of our board-certified ophthalmologists, please send us an email or call one of our offices today. We welcome patients living throughout the San Diego area at our conveniently located offices.
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