Lattice degeneration is an eye disease in which the peripheral retina, or light-sensitive tissue lining the back wall of the eye, thins and atrophies. Nearly one out of every 10 people develop lattice degeneration and in 30 to 50 percent of those cases, both eyes are affected.
Although lattice degeneration is usually not a cause for concern, it can be a factor for retinal detachment – seen in approximately 30 percent of all detachment cases. The detection and treatment of lattice degeneration is important, as it can lead to temporary or permanent loss of vision.
If you are noticing an increase in visual symptoms such as floaters and flashers, and would like to be screened for lattice degeneration in San Diego, please contact California Retina Associates online or by calling our offices at (619) 425-7755 or (760) 352-7755 to schedule a comprehensive examination today.
Lattice Degeneration Causes
Although the exact cause of lattice degeneration hasn’t been established, experts have a few theories. Vascular deficiencies – i.e., problems with the blood supply to the retina – may have something to do with the deterioration of the retina. The condition tends to be more common in people that are myopic (a.k.a., nearsighted). There may also be hereditary elements to blame, too.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Lattice degeneration is typically asymptomatic. If you are experiencing symptoms such as a sudden increase in floaters or flashes, it is usually indicative of a complication of lattice degeneration, like a retinal tear or retinal detachment, rather than the condition itself.
The disease is most often diagnosed during routine eye examinations when tears and holes in the peripheral retina are noticed by your optometrist. If your eye doctor believes there is cause for alarm, he or she may refer you to our San Diego lattice degeneration treatment team for further examination.
When symptoms do occur, it is likely that the retina has already detached. This may include:
- An increase in floaters and flashers
- Sudden vision loss
- A curtain or shadow that seems to begin at the side or top of the eye
Lattice Degeneration Treatment
It is best to seek the advice of a retina specialist regarding lattice degeneration before any symptoms of retinal detachment occur.
Treating lattice degeneration in most cases is unnecessary. The prognosis for lattice degeneration itself is good, and in most people, the condition remains stable or progresses slowly.
However, in patients with severe myopia or those at increased risk for retinal detachment, our eye surgeons may recommend a simple laser treatment to seal associated retinal holes or tears. This is something that can be discussed with you in greater detail during your retinal examination at one of our office locations.
If retinal detachment has occurred, our eye doctors will discuss treatment options such as pneumatic retinopexy, scleral buckle and vitrectomy that can be used to replace the retina and prevent long-term vision loss.
Contact Our San Diego Lattice Degeneration Specialists
If you have been diagnosed with lattice degeneration and are looking for someone to discuss the proper management and treatment options – or, you have experienced a sudden onset of flashing lights or new floaters, the team at California Retina Associates can help. To schedule your examination with one of our San Diego retina specialists, please contact us today.
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