Aqueous humor is the clear fluid in the front part of your eye. Because it is constantly being generated, proper outflow of aqueous humor is essential for maintaining consistent eye pressure. Glaucoma occurs when the mechanism that controls the outflow of fluid becomes blocked or clogged; as the outflow of fluid decreases, the intraocular pressure rises and eventually damages the optic nerve (which is responsible for sending information from the eye to the brain). Sadly, once damaged, the optic nerve cannot be repaired and, unless detected and treated early, glaucoma will lead to a complete loss of vision.

If you are experiencing symptoms of glaucoma such as eye pain or a loss of vision, please call (619) 425-7755 or (760) 352-7755 to schedule an eye examination with one of the experienced ophthalmologists at California Retina Associates today.

Risk Factors for Glaucoma

Glaucoma has been called the silent thief of sight because it can destroy your vision before symptoms even start. Certain people are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma than others. Knowing your risk and staying on top of your eye health with the help of our San Diego glaucoma team is the key to avoiding total vision loss caused by glaucoma.

Risk factors associated with glaucoma include:

  • Age – People over the age of 60 are at a higher risk for glaucoma.
  • Ethnic background – People of African, Mexican, or Asian descent are more likely to develop glaucoma, even as early as age 40.
  • Family history – Glaucoma may have a genetic link and run in families.
  • Eye injury – Secondary glaucoma, or glaucoma that is associated with acquired conditions, has been linked to eye injury or trauma. A blunt injury to the eye or an injury that penetrates the eye may cause damage to the eye’s drainage system.
  • Eye problems –  Secondary glaucoma has also been linked to other problems with the eye, such as eye tumors, retinal detachment, inflammation, or nearsightedness (myopia) or farsightedness (hyperopia).
  • Medical conditions – People with diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, or hypothyroidism are at an increased risk for glaucoma.
  • Corticosteroid use – Particularly in eye drop form, the long-term use of corticosteroids may increase your risk for developing secondary glaucoma.

Talk to Our San Diego Glaucoma Team

If you have one or more of these risk factors, it is essential to stay on top of your ocular health with the help of a trusted ophthalmologist. You will need to have regular eye exams performed to catch signs of the disease in its early stages, when it is more easily treated.

Individuals with glaucoma in San Diego and the surrounding areas trust the team at California Retina Associates for our expertise in glaucoma treatment and management.  Our doctors can discuss glaucoma risk factors with you and figure out the best way to mitigate your risk of developing the disease.  If a glaucoma test does turn up evidence of the disease, our eye doctors can discuss modern glaucoma treatment and determine the best way to minimize glaucoma’s effect on your eyes and vision.

To learn more about glaucoma or to schedule an eye examination, please contact California Retina Associates, serving San Diego and beyond, today.