Diabetic retinopathy is a condition in which the blood vessels of the retina become damaged by excess sugar in the blood stream. When nourishment to the light sensitive cells of the retina is blocked, vision loss can occur. In fact, it is the leading cause of blindness in people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
California Retina Associates offers advanced diabetic retinopathy care in San Diego CA, utilizing the most sophisticated technology available. If you are interested in learning more, please call us at 619-425-7755 or 760-352-7755 to schedule an appointment.
Risk Factors for Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy can occur in anyone who has diabetes. The longer you have had diabetes, the larger your risk for this condition, particularly if you do not carefully control your blood sugar levels. Additional risk factors may include:
- Tobacco use
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
With or without the presence of these additional risk factors, if you have diabetes, it is vital for your visual health that you visit us at least once a year for thorough eye examinations.
Diabetic Retinopathy Symptoms
Symptoms may occur in one or both eyes and can include blurry vision, double vision, “floaters” or spots that appear to float in front of the eyes or difficulty reading or perceiving colors.
Even if you are not suffering from any of the symptoms, if you have diabetes, you need to visit our office yearly for a dilated eye exam. This exam can help detect early stages, helping ensure prompt treatment when necessary to prevent a permanent loss of vision.
We are also able to detect diabetic macular edema (DME) which is a condition that often occurs in conjunction with diabetic retinopathy and can result in distorted vision, vision loss and blindness.
Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment
Treatment for diabetic retinopathy depends on the type and severity of the case. Our San Diego eye care team offers both traditional and laser treatments to seal leaking blood vessels and prevent the growth of new blood vessels.
- Retinal detachment – Abnormal blood vessels in the eye can result in the creation of scar tissue that pulls the retina away from the back of the eye.
- Vitreous hemorrhage – Leaking blood vessels can bleed into the vitreous humor, filling the cavity and blocking vision.
- Glaucoma – The growth of new blood vessels can interfere with the normal flow of fluid out of the eye, increasing intraocular pressure and damaging the optic nerve.
Diabetic Retinopathy Prevention
Due to the threat diabetic retinopathy poses to your vision, the American Diabetes Association recommends annual eye exams for people with both types of this disease as a preventative measure. If you have repeated normal eye exams, our doctors may allow for longer periods of time in between visits, but this must be determined on a case by case basis.
Questions about Diabetic Retinopathy
During your visit to California Retina Associates, we will discuss your visual changes, answer any questions that you may have, and help you determine what steps will best help guard your vision well into the future. Contact us to schedule your appointment today.
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes in San Diego CA and surrounding areas, contact California Retina Associates to schedule an eye exam at one of our locations. Contact us at 619-425-7755 or 760-352-7755, or fill out our online contact form here.
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