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Questions About Macular Degeneration

Proudly Serving San Diego, Chula Vista, El Centro & Nearby Areas of California

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a condition in which the macula, the part of your retina responsible for sharp central vision, degenerates. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in people over the age of 65, affecting an estimated 1.75 million people in the United States today.

What are the types of macular degeneration?

There are two types of macular degeneration:

  • Dry – Caused by the gradual thinning of macular tissues as you age, or the depositing of pigment in the macula. In some instances, this type of macular degeneration may result from a combination of these two factors
  • Wet – Less common than the dry form of the disorder, wet macular degeneration occurs when new blood vessels grow underneath the retina. When these new blood vessels leak, they permanently damage light-sensitive retinal cells, causing blind spots in your central vision

What are the symptoms of macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration often results in a slow and painless loss of vision and may only be detected through routine eye examinations at California Retina Associates. If your vision becomes hazy, you lose color intensity, or begin to develop holes in your central vision, you should call us at 619-425-7755 or 760-352-7755 to schedule an examination as soon as possible.

What are the risk factors for macular degeneration?

Age is the largest risk factor for macular degeneration, but genetic factors such as a family history of the disorder and lighter eye color may also play a role. Lifestyle choices linked to a higher risk for macular degeneration include:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Inactivity
  • Poor diet

Preventing macular degeneration or slowing its progression once it begins may be aided by not smoking, getting plenty of exercise, and eating a diet high in fruits, vegetables, complex grains, nuts, and fish. We will be happy to discuss ways you can decrease your risks during your regularly scheduled eye examinations.

Can macular degeneration be cured?

There is no cure for macular degeneration. However, macular degeneration treatment may delay its progression and help improve vision. Dry macular degeneration is often treated through simple lifestyle changes including the addition of supplements containing antioxidants, Omega-3 fatty acids, and nutrients such as zinc, lutein, zeaxanthin.

Wet macular degeneration may be treated with intravitreal injections. The medication or combination of medications used to treat your particular case will be dependent on your needs and determined by one of our experienced ophthalmologists.

If you have questions about macular degeneration or would like to schedule an eye examination, please call our San Diego office at 619-425-7755, our El Centro office at 760-352-7755, or contact California Retina Associates online today.

California Retina Associates


Chula Vista Office
835 Third Avenue, Suite A
Chula Vista, CA 91911
619-425-7755

El Centro Office
1452 South La Brucherie, Suite A
El Centro, CA 92243
760-352-7755